About

Category
Assembly buildings Office buildings
Architect
J. S. Sirén
Selections
Helsinki built through competitions
Tags
classicism competition granite Helsinki monument renovation restoration stone
Gross area (m²)
3670
Competition
1924, 1970, 1999
Completion
1931
Renovation
1978–1982; 2007–2017

The Finnish Parliament House designed by J. S. Siren is regarded as the pinnacle of Finnish construction of its time. The monumental building has been sculpted to form a carefully considered whole from its crafted façade down to custom designed furniture.

The building is a result of a protracted series of architectural competitions, the first of which was arranged in 1908 for a different site, on Tähtitorninmäki Hill. Eliel Saarinen won the first prize but the construction was rejected by the Russian tsar.  After Finland gained independence in 1917 debate about the building resumed and continued until a site placement competition organised in 1923 helped resolve the decision to build in Töölö.

An open architectural competition was held the following year. Of the 27 entries the design by Kaarlo Borg, J. S. Sirén and Urho Åberg was declared winner. It was the basis of the final plans executed by J. S. Siren. The building was inaugurated in 1931.

Two more open architectural competitions were held later on to design extensions for the Parliament House, the first one in 1970 and behind the main building, won by Ola Laiho, Pekka Pitkänen and Ilpo Raunio, and in 1999 the nearby annex Pikkuparlamentti (Little Parliament), won by Pekka Helin.

The Parliament House has undergone extensive renovation and restoration work that lasted for a decade and completed in September 2017. The architect in charge of the works was Helin & Co Architects.

Location

Mannerheimintie 30, Helsinki
60.1727195, 24.9336897

Images

Parliament House
Parliament House (© MFA)
Assembly hall., Parliament House
Assembly hall., Parliament House (© Väinö Kannisto / Helsinki City Museum)
Parliament House in Feb. 2012., Parliament House
Parliament House in Feb. 2012., Parliament House (© Marc Goodwin)
Parliament House in Sept. 2011., Parliament House
Parliament House in Sept. 2011., Parliament House (© Marc Goodwin)
Parliament House
Parliament House (© Mika Lappalainen / City of Helsinki Media Bank)
Parliament House
Parliament House (© Matti Tirri / City of Helsinki Media Bank)
Parliament House
Parliament House (© Hanne Salonen / Parliament of Finland)
Parliament House
Parliament House (© Markku Ulander / Parliament of Finland, STT Lehtikuva)
1st floor plan (1925)., Parliament House
1st floor plan (1925)., Parliament House (© MFA)
Parliament House
Parliament House (© MFA)
Borg-Sirén-Åberg, competition entry
Borg-Sirén-Åberg, competition entry "Oratoribus", 1st prize (1924)., Parliament House (© MFA)

Additional media

Eliel Saarinen, competition entry (1924)., Parliament House
Eliel Saarinen, competition entry (1924)., Parliament House (© MFA)
Eliel Saarinen, competition entry (1924).
, Parliament House
Eliel Saarinen, competition entry (1924). , Parliament House (© MFA)
Hilding Ekelund, competition entry
Hilding Ekelund, competition entry "Cento Colonne", 2nd prize (1924)., Parliament House (© MFA / Parliament of Finland)
Hilding Ekelund, competition entry
Hilding Ekelund, competition entry "Cento Colonne", 2nd prize (1924). , Parliament House (© MFA)
Lars Sonck, competition entry
Lars Sonck, competition entry "Plenum", 4th prize (1924)., Parliament House (© MFA)
Ola Laiho, Pekka Pitkänen and Ilpo Raunio, Parliament House Extension, 1978., Parliament House
Ola Laiho, Pekka Pitkänen and Ilpo Raunio, Parliament House Extension, 1978., Parliament House (© Ola Laiho / MFA)
Pekka Pitkänen, Parliament House Extension competition entry
Pekka Pitkänen, Parliament House Extension competition entry "Ne 200", 1st prize (1970). , Parliament House (© Aarne von Boehm / MFA)
Viljo Heikki Castrén, Parliament House Extension competition entry
Viljo Heikki Castrén, Parliament House Extension competition entry "Noli turbare circulos meos", 2nd prize (1970)., Parliament House (© MFA)
Kari Hyvärinen, Parliament House Extension competition entry
Kari Hyvärinen, Parliament House Extension competition entry "Valoa kansalle", 3rd prize (1970)., Parliament House (© MFA)
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension "Little Parliament", 2004., Parliament House (© Voitto Niemelä / MFA)
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension "Little Parliament", 2004., Parliament House (© Michael Perlmutter / MFA)
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension
Helin & Co, Parliament House Extension "Little Parliament", 2004., Parliament House (© MFA)