About

The shipbuilding company Laivateollisuus Oy was founded in 1944 to build wooden ships as part of the post-war reparations paid to the Soviet Union. Bryggman was commissioned to design approximately 90 dwellings for shipyard workers in Pansio near Turku. In Bryggman’s description:

“The workers’ dwellings were built in 1946–47 and the engineers’ dwellings, of which only two semi-detached houses have been completed, were built in 1947–48. All workers’ dwellings are of a type I have designed, consisting of two rooms, kitchen, washing room and clothes cupboard as well as a wood shed, which A. Ahlström Oy has built as part of their product range. Depending on the site in the town plan, the type has been joined together in different ways, as houses for one, two, three or four families. The difference in height in the terrain has also led to small differences in the combinations.”

The layout has a distinct rhythm: the yards are demarcated by light wooden fences and sheds, the window frames are white against the darker boarding of the façades, the pitched roofs have long eaves and the canopies are supported by angled supports, and tall chimneys rise above the houses.

The factory buildings were designed mostly by Axel Fritzén. The temporary offices designed by Bryggman were placed in the three-storey carpentry factory built in 1946. Bryggman also designed the wood-drying plant built in 1948. The buildings in the residential area were protected by city plan in 1991–95.

Text: Mikko Laaksonen

Location

Laivateollisuudenkatu, Päästäisenpolku, Siilinkatu, Turku
60.4482248, 22.1626181

Images

View along Päästäisenpolku street., Laivateollisuus residential area
View along Päästäisenpolku street., Laivateollisuus residential area (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Planted gardens surround the houses., Laivateollisuus residential area
Planted gardens surround the houses., Laivateollisuus residential area (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Entrance to a house., Laivateollisuus residential area
Entrance to a house., Laivateollisuus residential area (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Engineers' dwellings.
, Laivateollisuus residential area
Engineers' dwellings. , Laivateollisuus residential area (© Heikki Havas / MFA)
Workers' dwellings., Laivateollisuus residential area
Workers' dwellings., Laivateollisuus residential area (© Heikki Havas / MFA)
Worker's dwellings in the 1950s., Laivateollisuus residential area
Worker's dwellings in the 1950s., Laivateollisuus residential area (© Heikki Havas / MFA)
Type house designs., Laivateollisuus residential area
Type house designs., Laivateollisuus residential area (© MFA)
Engineer's house design., Laivateollisuus residential area
Engineer's house design., Laivateollisuus residential area (© MFA)
Scale model of the residential area., Laivateollisuus residential area
Scale model of the residential area., Laivateollisuus residential area (© MFA)

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