About

Category
Residential buildings
Architect
Erik Bryggman Schauman Architects
Selections
Erik Bryggman’s architecture
Tags
block of flats Hospitz Betel Nordic classicism Turku
Design
1925
Completion
1927
Renovation
2013

The initiative to build an apartment building for the housing co-operative As Oy Atrium was taken in spring 1925 by Erik Bryggman together with lawyer Brynolf Kyrklund and doctors Lennart Sjöström and Erkki Warén.

The entrance to block A of the L-shaped building is on Yliopistonkatu street side. The block comprised shops on the ground floor, an office floor and three floors of luxury apartments, served by two service stairwells in addition to the main staircase. Each of these executive residences had a grand entrance hall and a gentlemen’s room with a separate entrance. Bryggman designed all the interior fittings such as doors, mouldings and glass-panelled doors. The kitchens were designed by architect Elna Kiljander.

The consecutive B and C blocks face a stepped passageway. Four columns with stylised Corinthian capitals mark their entrance portals. The apartments are smaller, with mostly two rooms and a kitchen or kitchenette. On the ground floor of B-block there was a “Roman spa”, which, however, was converted into apartments in the 1970s.

The façade towards Yliopistonkatu street is symmetrical with rectangular shop windows and the main entrance is emphasized with a colonnade. The roofs are shallow hipped roofs with decorative wooden consoles visible under the eaves. Artwork by sculptor Aarre Aaltonen and executed in cooperation with Bryggman are incorporated into the façades. These include eight medallion reliefs in block A and minor reliefs in blocks B and C.

Text: Mikko Laaksonen
Sources: Arkkitehti 4/1928; Helena Soiri-Snellman: Asunto Oy Atrium, 2010

Location

Yliopistonkatu 27b, Turku
60.4509265, 22.2623844

Images

Atrium (right) and Hospitz Betel, also by Bryggman., Atrium apartment building
Atrium (right) and Hospitz Betel, also by Bryggman., Atrium apartment building (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Atrium (right) and Hospitz Betel, also by Bryggman., Atrium apartment building
Atrium (right) and Hospitz Betel, also by Bryggman., Atrium apartment building (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Façade detail., Atrium apartment building
Façade detail., Atrium apartment building (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Sculptural medaillion by artist Aarre Aaltonen., Atrium apartment building
Sculptural medaillion by artist Aarre Aaltonen., Atrium apartment building (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Piazza side with Hospitz Betel on the left and the campanile also dsigned by Bryggman in the background., Atrium apartment building
Piazza side with Hospitz Betel on the left and the campanile also dsigned by Bryggman in the background., Atrium apartment building (© Milla Järvipetäjä / Bryggman Institute)
Façade on the side of the stepped piazza, after the completion of Hospitz Betel in 1929., Atrium apartment building
Façade on the side of the stepped piazza, after the completion of Hospitz Betel in 1929., Atrium apartment building (© MFA)
Drawing of the façade on the side of the stepped piazza., Atrium apartment building
Drawing of the façade on the side of the stepped piazza., Atrium apartment building (© MFA)

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